District At A Glance
Karur Drstrict , with headquarters at Karur, is the most centrally located district of TamilNadu . Karur has a very long history and has been sung by various sangam poets. In history, it has been the battleground of various Tamil kings like chera, chola, pandya and pallavas because of strategic location . The district has a very rich and varied cultural heritage .The district is made fertile by the perennial flows of cauvery on the northern side and Amaravathi, Nanganjiyar and Noyyal rivers. Its ecnomy is mainly agrarian. Presently , the district is famous world-wide for its handloom products.
Formation of karur district
Karur Taluk which was once a part of Coimbatore District, was merged with Tiruchirappalli district during 1910. A separate Karur District was formed on 30th September 1995 by trifurcating Tiruchirappalli District. Initially, Karur District was carved out of the composite Tiruchirappalli District, consisting of three Taluks namely. Karur, Kulithalai and Manaparai Subsequently Manaparai Taluk was decoupled and Musiri Taluk was include in Karur District. Later Musiri Taluk was decoupled from Karur District.
At present, Karur District consists of 4 Taluks i.e., Karur, Kulithalai, Krishnarayapuram and Aravakurichi. Karur District includes the following Revenue Division, Taluks and Panchayat Unions/Blocks. Karur District has 4 Municipalities, 169 Village Panchayats and 203 Revenue Villages, Karur District has 4 Assembly constituencies of which one is a reserved namely Krishnarayapuram Constituency. Karur Parliamentary constitutes 6 Assembly constituencies, 2 are from Tiruchirappalli revenue district, namely Marungapuri and Thottiam a Assembly Constituencies from Karur.
Karur is one of the oldest towns in Tamilnadu and has played a very significant role in the glorious History and culture of the Tamils. Its History dates back to centuries before Christ and has been a flourishing trading centre even in the early sangam days. Epigraphical, numismatic, Archaeological and literary evidences have proved beyond doubt that Karur was the capital of early Chera Kings of sangam age. It was called Karuvoor or Vangi during sangam days. There has been a plethora of rare findings during the archaeological excavation undertaken in Karur. These include mat-designed pottery, bricks,
mud toys, Roman coins, Chera coins, Pallava coins, Roman Amphorae, Rasset coated ware, rare rings etc., Karur has been built on the banks of the river Amaravathi which was called Annaporani during the sangam days. The names of the Chera kings who ruled from Karur, have been found in the rock inscriptions in Arunattarmalai close to Karur. The tamil epic Silappathikaram mentions that the famous king chera king Cheran senguttuvan ruled from Karur. The Greek scholar Ptolemy has mentioned about “Korevora” which was a ready famous inland trading centre in Tamilnadu.
After the early cheras, Karur was conquered and ruled by Pandyass followed by Pallavas and later Cholas. Karur was under the rule of Cholas for a long time. Later the Naickers followed by Thippu sultan also ruled Karur. The British added Karur to their positions after destroying the Karur Fort during their war against Thippusultan in 1783. There is a memorial at Rayanur near Karur for the warriors who lost their lives in the fight against the British in the Anglo-Mysore war. Thereafter Karur became part of British India and was first part of Coimbatore District and later Trichirappalli District.